Used for the treatment of vascular diseases due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-edema action
Horse chestnut and escin based preparations have long been used in the treatment of vascular pathologies due to the anti-inflammatory, anti-edema and vitaminoP-similar actions (permeability decrease and capillary fragility): in fact, horse chestnut activates blood circulation and promotes venous return. Horse chestnut taken daily has shown a reduction in the activity of enzymes responsible for the degradation of proteoglycans. Cohesion of the vascular wall is therefore guaranteed: in those suffering with varices the concentration of these enzymes is greatly increased. Horse chestnut based preparations serve, moreover, to combat nocturnal muscle cramps. Thanks to the effect on capillary permeability, total extracts and escin have also been used in cosmetics. The microvasculokinetic activity also makes the plant preparations useful in the treatment of cellulite and hair loss. It actually is included in "fortifying" shampoos for the hair
- Saponins mainly escin (triterpene glycosides complex)
- Flavonoid compounds (glycosides of quercetin and kaempferol)
- Coumarins: esculetin (tree bark:
- 40-50% starch, unsaturated fatty acids.
It facilitate the deflation of the legs when bloatedness arises from poor circulation, the plant is
The name horse chestnut comes from the Latin hippocastanum; in ancient times it was believed that this plant healed all horse illnesses. The Turks, in fact, used to give horse chestnut seeds to old horses to calm coughs and placate asthma which horses frequently suffered during long journeys.
Circulatory disorders, particularly of a venous origin: edema, uterine bleeding, haemorrhoids, fever, heavy legs, chilblains, inflammation, venous insufficiency, thrombophlebitis, varicose ulcers, varicose veins.