Effective in the treatment of dyspepsia, flatulence and spasms in the gastrointestinal tract.
Fennel seeds have always been used, not only in adults but also in paediatrics, in dyspeptic disorders, in flatulence and spasms in the gastrointestinal tract. Its stimulating-aromatic properties have a positive effect on a gastrointestinal level, improving the tone of its apparatus; increasing, moreover, salivary, gastric secretion and coleresi. The root is diuretic: along with the roots of asparagus, butcher's broom, celery and parsley the "five roots syrup" is prepared, an old diuretic remedy. According to Leclerc the whole plant, especially when it's fresh, is highly diuretic.
- 2-6% essential oil:
- 50-70% trans-anethole (sweet flavour), 12-20% fencone (bitter-camphor flavour), 5-20% estragole, phellandrene-α, α-pinene, α-tuyene, lomonene and other
- Fatty oil, proteins, organic acids and flavonoids
Fennel, a diuretic due to being rich in water, contains several phytonutrients and natural oxidants:
The first information of the plant comes from a papyrus dating back 3,500 years. Fennel was certainly well-known in Greece, where it grew in abundance in the territory close to Marathon, and Rome, where Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia, mainly described its medicinal properties. Today it is eaten raw as a side dish, appetiser or a digestive and cooked as a side dish and in soups.
Stimulant-aromatic, digestive, carminative; antispasmodic; antiseptic; diuretic (root); galactogogue; vulnerary (leaves)